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Xinhua Headlines: China on fast track to cut energy consumption intensity******视频加载中，请稍候... play向前 向后
-- China's energy intensity -- energy consumption per unit of GDP -- decreased 28.7 percent from 2011 to 2020, one of the fastest reductions in the world.
-- China is becoming less reliant on coal, with the proportion of coal consumption dropped from 72.4 percent in 2005 to 56.8 percent in 2020.
-- China's green endeavors have spanned various sectors, including construction, transport and the manufacturing of new-energy vehicles.
BEIJING, Nov. 2 (Xinhua) -- China, the world's biggest producer and consumer of energy, is rapidly reducing its energy consumption intensity, as higher energy efficiency will support the country's transition to a modern green economy.
China's energy intensity -- energy consumption per unit of GDP -- decreased 28.7 percent from 2011 to 2020, one of the fastest reductions in the world, according to a white paper released Wednesday documenting the country's progress in mitigating climate change.
From 2016 to 2020, on average, China fueled an annual expansion in its economy of 5.7 percent, but the growth of its energy consumption only stood at 2.8 percent per year. During that time, the amount of energy saved in the country accounted for about half of the total in the world.
Under the goals of peaking its carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality before 2060, China is accelerating the transformation to a clean and low-carbon energy consumption structure.
Aerial photo taken on Nov. 30, 2018 shows the "Yungui" driverless monorail transit system at the headquarters of China's new energy vehicle maker BYD in Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)
LESS RELIANT ON COAL
China is becoming less reliant on coal, with the proportion of coal consumption declining significantly to address pollution and climate change caused by fossil-fuel combustion.
The country's energy consumption was kept under 5 billion tonnes of standard coal in 2020, and the proportion of coal consumption dropped from 72.4 percent in 2005 to 56.8 percent in 2020.
China has over-fulfilled its target for cutting coal output capacity, eliminating more than 45 million kW of outdated coal and electricity output capacity during the 2016-2020 period.
Non-fossil energy is developing rapidly, with China developing and utilizing alternative energy sources.
In 2020, non-fossil energy contributed 15.9 percent to China's total energy consumption, a significant rise of 8.5 percentage points compared with 2005. The installed capacity of non-fossil energy power generation in China reached 980 million kW, accounting for 44.7 percent of the total installed capacity. Electricity generated by non-fossil energy reached 2.6 trillion kWh, representing more than one-third of the power consumption of the country.
For example, Shanxi Province, one of China's major coal-producing regions, will see the installed capacity of new and clean energy reach half of its total, with one-third of its electricity generated by new and clean energy by 2025. By the end of 2020, the installed capacity of new and renewable energy power generation reached 35.7 million kW, accounting for 34.38 percent of the province's total.
Aerial photo taken on Aug. 4, 2021 shows a photovoltaic power station in Tujing Village, Yunzhou District of Datong, north China's Shanxi Province. (Xinhua/Cao Yang)
From 2016 to 2020, China issued 16 mandatory energy consumption quota standards, achieving an annual energy saving of 77 million tonnes of standard coal, equivalent to 148 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions; it issued 26 mandatory product and equipment energy efficiency standards, realizing an annual power saving of 49 billion kWh.
In Yulin, a coal-rich city in northwest China's Shaanxi Province, a chemical plant has been exploring its own form of green transition.
"The coal chemical industry should boost its green transition and seek the high-end and differentiated development of its industrial chains to make eco-friendly products in line with the market demand," said Zhang Xiansong, chairman of CNH Energy Yulin Chemical Co., Ltd.
Through the efficient use of coal, the company managed to produce green end-products including daily necessities, absorbable medical sutures and bone stents, as well as degradable materials.
The local chemical company mirrors the wider efforts made by the country to encourage local governments, industries and enterprises to explore low-carbon paths to development based on their individual conditions.
Wind turbine blades await shipping at Lianyungang Port, east China's Jiangsu province, April 16, 2021. (Photo by Wang Chun/Xinhua)
China's green endeavors have spanned various sectors, including construction, transport and the manufacturing of new-energy vehicles, receiving support from the finance sector and the carbon market.
In the latest move, the authorities have issued a guideline underpinning green development in urban and rural areas, setting the goals of basically establishing institutional mechanisms and policy systems for green development in urban and rural areas by 2025, while green development will cover urban and rural areas in a comprehensive way by 2035.
In the transport sector, notable progress has also been made in building low-carbon urban transport systems. As of the end of 2020, 87 cities on China's mainland had joined the national program to improve public transport, and 43 cities had launched urban rail-transit networks. During the 2016-2020 period, the number of trips by urban public transport exceeded 427 billion, signifying a steady increase in the proportion of city dwellers using public transport.
A visitor looks at a new energy vehicle (NEV) during a promotional activity for NEVs in rural areas held in Kunming, southwest China's Yunnan Province, Dec. 4, 2020. (Xinhua/Jiang Wenyao)
China has outpaced many other nations in the production and sale of new-energy vehicles for six straight years. It has also topped the world in the output of some major products for photovoltaic power generation over the past eight years.
Dedicated government support on green finance and the carbon market will help boost energy efficiency, catalysing the clean-energy transition.
In the finance sector, China has increased green-finance support and improved the top-level design of green finance. It has set up nine pilot zones for the reform and innovation of green finance in six provincial-level administrative units.
The carbon market provides an effective approach to managing the relationship between economic development and the reduction of carbon emissions. The national carbon emissions trading market is a major institutional innovation that uses market mechanisms to control and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote green and low-carbon development.
(Video Reporters: Wang Huan, Jiang Chao, Ali Jaswal and Tariq Hameed; Video editors: Zhao Yuchao and Cao Ying.) ■
'Panic' in Britain as Omicron crisis bites ahead of Christmas******
People wait in the observation after receiving a dose of the COVID-19 vaccine at a vaccination clinic set up at Chester Cathedral on December 16, as the UK steps up the country's booster drive to fight a "tidal wave" of Omicron.。
Soaring Omicron cases left Britons scrambling on Thursday to make alternative Christmas plans, faced with cancellations, long queues for vaccines and France shutting the border to UK visitors.。
Britain recorded a second consecutive record daily number of new COVID-19 infections at more than 88,000, but the government has so far stopped short of formal limits on socializing as it awaits further evidence of the severity and impact of the new Omicron variant.。
Last year, Christmas celebrations were drastically curtailed after the Alpha variant swept the country. Britons had hoped that this year would be different, but cases have again shot up since the Omicron strain of the virus first emerged.。
The UK government last week updated its guidance to advise people to work from home if they can, while mandating they must wear masks in some settings.。
But it has stopped short of recommending the cancellation of social gatherings such as Christmas parties, with embattled Prime Minister Boris Johnson instead recommending that people get booster vaccines, COVID-19 tests and act cautiously.。
Recent days have seen long lines outside vaccination centers in London and other towns and cities, as people heeded Johnson's call to get jabbed again.。
But at the same time, pubs, theaters and other entertainment venues have reported rising cancellations – and concerns about their viability – as the case numbers continue to climb.。
From the top down, people were changing plans. Queen Elizabeth II, 95, canceled her traditional pre-Christmas family lunch next week, despite Johnson insisting such gatherings could still go ahead.。
It was a similar tale of cancellations in pubs and restaurants.。
"We had some cancellations here," Patrick Mullighan, 64, owner of the White Hart pub in east London, told AFP.。
He said his chef had caught the virus, forcing the kitchen to close, while 25 bookings for this Sunday had dropped to 10.。
He estimated turnover could be down by around a quarter for the normally busy period in the run-up to Christmas and New Year.。
"It represents a lot of money but... as long as people are still buying drinks, that will be good. I'm always worried but what can we do? You've got to carry on."
In a bid to curb the spread of Omicron across the Channel, the French government announced it would ban non-essential travel to and from the UK from Saturday, for both unvaccinated and fully jabbed non-residents.。
The sudden announcement sparked anxiety and even panic among would-be travelers scrambling to cross the Channel in time for Christmas.。
"I have friends who are panicking," London-based Marie Geoffroy, 43, told AFP at St Pancras station as she prepared to board a Eurostar train.。
"It's anxiety-provoking, these last-minute changes, it makes you feel like you're being held hostage," she added.。
"I know lots of people who have been able to change their tickets because they can, but others can't afford it."
'Prioritize what matters'
In the run-up to the festive period, England's chief medical officer Chris Whitty urged people to "prioritize what really matters to them and then cut down on the things that don't."
"I wouldn't want to say to people they should do a particular thing," he told a panel of MPs, insisting the government and its advisers like him were united in their approach.。
"I think it really should be for people to make those choices."
Johnson has set a highly ambitious target of offering a third vaccine dose to all adults by the end of the month, requiring around a million jabs a day.。
Cordon looking for post******
MADRID, Dec. 11 (Xinhua) -- Guatemalan badminton star Kevin Cordon hopes to build on his performance in the Tokyo Olympic Games with another good showing in the World Championships which begin in the Spanish city of Huelva on Sunday.。
Cordon shot to fame by beating Chinese star Chen Long in the 2011 World Championships in London and although his career has been affected by knee and ankle problems, everything came right in Tokyo this summer where he reached the semifinals before losing to eventual gold medal winner Viktor Axelsen.。
Cordon admits his route in Huelva has been made easier by the withdrawal of Kento Momota, who he would probably have met in the second round.。
"I knew I would play Momota if I won the first round, but now it's opened up for me to reach the last 16," Cordon told the official BWF World Championship website.。
He explained that he doesn't usually look at the draw; "I never see the draw; it doesn't matter as it's all about the next match," commented the Guatemalan, who was happy to be playing in Spain.。
"These are like home conditions. In 2012 I had a chance to train with the Spanish national team, so it feels like home to be here in Spain," admitted Cordon, who still remembers the upset he produced in 2011.。
"Beating Chen Long was my best ever result, and then I reached the quarterfinals. To beat Chen Long and then have a chance to play Lee Chong Wei. I haven't played in the World Championships since because of injuries."
"The environment here is totally different, it feels really nice. And after the Olympics, my mentality has totally changed, this is about having fun," commented Cordon, who said his success in Tokyo has had an impact in his homeland.。
"Most of the kids want to play badminton. It's really nice. Most kids ask their parents to buy them a racket. They play on the streets and in their houses. In Guatemala badminton is now getting more popular because the kids want to play. Now I'm here, I'm playing the World Championships for them," he concluded. Enditem。