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双语热点:青少年,别再熬夜啦!睡得少,一年多吃两公斤糖!******

睡眠质量对每个人尤为重要,但对青少年特别是在关键! 之前的科学研究通常仅仅将睡眠不足与身心健康不给力、学业成绩不佳和个人行为问题的风险性提升联络起來。但全新研究表明,睡眠不足也会提升青少年增重和别的心血管新陈代谢病症的风险性,由于青少年睡眠不足时饮食结构也会越来越更差。

Teens not getting enough sleep may consume 4.5 extra pounds of sugar during a school year。

Sleep is vital for all people but is particularly important for teenagers as their bodies undergo significant development during their formative years. Unfortunately, most teens aren't getting enough sleep. Data from the American Academy of Pediatrics found that 73% of high school students are getting less than the recommended eight to ten hours of sleep each night.。

睡眠质量对每个人尤为重要,但对青少年特别是在关键,由于她们正处在人体快速生长发育的历程中。但实际上,大部分青少年都睡眠不足。英国儿科护理学会的数据信息强调,73% 的高中学生每天晚上睡觉时间低于强烈推荐的 8 到 10 钟头。

Prior research has linked lack of sleep to increased risk for poor mental health, poor academic performance, and behavioral problems. But new research from BYU conducted at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center says insufficient sleep also increases the risk of weight gain and other cardiometabolic diseases among teenagers because teens have worse dietary habits when they sleep less.。

之前的科学研究通常仅仅将睡眠不足与身心健康不给力、学业成绩不佳和个人行为问题的风险性提升联络起來。但杨百翰大学在辛辛那提儿科医院研究中心开展的全新研究表明,睡眠不足也会提升青少年增重和别的心血管新陈代谢病症的风险性,由于青少年睡眠不足时饮食结构也会越来越更差。

"Shortened sleep increases the risk for teens to eat more carbs and added sugars and drink more sugar-sweetened beverages than when they are getting a healthy amount of sleep," said Dr. Kara Duraccio, BYU clinical and developmental psychology professor and lead author of the study.。

“睡觉时间减少会提升青少年摄入大量糖类与碳水化合物和加上糖及其食用大量含糖饮料的风险性,”杨百翰大学临床医学和发展心理学专家教授、该科学研究的关键参加者 Kara Duraccio 博士说。

This research, which was recently published in the medical journal SLEEP, analyzed the sleeping and eating patterns of 93 teenagers during two sleep conditions: spending six and a half hours each night in bed for one week (short sleep) and spending nine and a half hours each night in bed for another week (healthy sleep). Researchers measured the caloric intake, macronutrient content, food types, and the glycemic load of foods eaten by teens.。

此项近期发布在学术期刊《睡眠》上的探讨剖析了 93 名青少年在二种睡觉时间下的睡眠质量和饮食搭配方式:每日只睡6个半小时,不断一周(睡眠时间短),随后下一周睡觉时间调节为9个半小时(健康睡眠)。科学研究工作人员对这种青少年所吃食物热量摄入、变量定义营养元素成分、食材种类和血糖值负载开展了检测。

The results found that teenagers undergoing short sleep consumed more foods that were likely to spike blood sugar fast—things like foods high in carbs and added sugar, or sugary drinks, compared to when they were in healthy sleep. These changes largely occurred in the late evening (after 9:00 pm). Teens getting short sleep also ate fewer fruits and vegetables across the entire day, compared to healthy sleep.。

結果发觉,与健康睡眠时对比,青少年在睡眠时间短的阶段摄入了大量很有可能使血糖值迅速上升的食材,例如高碳水化合物和加上糖的食材或含糖饮料。这种转变关键出现在深更半夜(夜里 9:00 以后)。与健康睡眠时对比,这种青少年在睡眠时间短时24小时摄入的水果和蔬菜也越来越少。

"What's interesting is that getting less sleep didn't cause teens to eat more than their peers getting healthy sleep; both groups consumed roughly the same amounts of calories of food. But getting less sleep caused teens to eat more junk," said Duraccio. "We suspect that tired teens are looking for quick bursts of energy to keep them going until they can go to bed, so they're seeking out foods that are high in carbs and added sugars."。

“有意思的是,与健康睡眠的同年龄人对比,睡眠不足并不会造成青少年吃得大量;2组耗费食物热量基本相同。但睡眠不足会造成青少年吃大量的油炸食品,”Duraccio 博士说。 “大家猜疑睡眠质量较少的青少年常常必须迅速填补动能为此来保持活力,因此她们已经找寻含有糖类与碳水化合物和加上糖的食材。”。

The research found that teens in short sleep consumed 12 extra grams of sugar each day. With most teenagers not getting sufficient sleep during the 180 nights of a school year, an extra 12 grams of added sugar each day could result in over 4.5 pounds of extra sugar each year.。

研究发现,睡眠时间短的青少年每日会附加摄入12克的糖。依照学员一年在学校期内180来天测算,这种睡眠不足的日子很有可能造成每一年附加摄入 4.5 磅糖。

"We know that pediatric obesity is an epidemic, and we've focused on a lot of interventions to try and address it, but sleep is not one of the things that researchers tend to focus on," said Duraccio. "If we are really trying to discover preventative strategies or interventions to increase optimal weight in teens, getting enough and well-timed sleep should be at the forefront of our efforts."。

“我们知道,儿童肥胖症早已变成一种愈来愈普遍的传染病,大家早已采用很多干涉对策来试着处理它,但大家对睡眠质量并并不是太关心,”Duraccio 博士说。 “如果我们确实想寻找让青少年维持健康体重的对策,那麼最先要让她们有着充足的睡眠時间。”。

China urges U.S. to give convincing account of bio******

The United States should give a convincing account of its biological military activities in Ukraine and around the world as soon as possible, a Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson said on Thursday.

Spokesperson Wang Wenbin said at a daily press briefing that the international community has major concerns about the purpose of the US research in the biological laboratories in Ukraine and about whether the country conducted dangerous research prohibited in the United States in its overseas facilities.

He noted that the US side cannot remain silent or simply prevaricate by alleging that relevant reports are "disinformation."

The best way for the US side to prove its innocence is to open its doors and allow examination by the international community, Wang said, urging the United States to be forthright about its biological military activities in Ukraine and the rest of the world, and stop blocking the building of the Biological Weapons Convention verification protocol.

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Profile: Deaf******

HAIKOU, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) -- Donning a sport shirt with the number "99," Gao Rixiao energetically runs and plays football in silence on a green field, as sunlight dances across his face.。

"I love the number 99 because in Chinese it means forever," said Gao, 40. "And I want my passion for football to last forever."

Gao is a football player and assistant coach of a football team consisting of all deaf-mute players in Haikou, the capital of south China's Hainan Province.。

Gao said he used to feel depressed and upset because of his physical condition, but thanks to his passion for football and the companionship of family and friends, he has left behind the gloomy days and has become full of hope in life.。

"I am happy and content, and I feel like I have a sunny disposition," he said.。

PASSION FOR FOOTBALL。

Gao lost his hearing and voice at the age of two due to a serious fever and improper treatment. For this young child, being unable to talk or hear was simply too much to take.。

"I hated myself. I hated my parents. I was unhappy. I wanted to be loved and cared for," he recalled.。

In 1994, Gao watched a football match on TV at the special school he studied in. He did not know what football was, but he was fascinated. He asked deaf-mute people in the school to join him in playing football and "had a blast."

"My parents were worried that I might get hurt, but they saw me smiling a lot, and they were also very happy, and relieved," he said. "I feel like I used to live in a box, but football lifted the lid and let the light in."

After graduation in 2000, Gao became a sanitation worker, taking care of a local square in Haikou, but his passion for football never waned. In 2003, a provincial-level football team for deaf-mutes was established, attracting many special players like Gao.。

Every Monday, Gao and his team members gather at a football field for training. For them, football is a platform to show their abilities, as well as a bridge to connect deaf-mutes with others in society.。

"We may not be able to sing or talk like others, but playing football shows that we are just like everyone else in society," he said. "It is a way for us to make friends, relax and have a lot of fun in life."

This year, they took part in the 11th National Games for Persons with Disabilities on behalf of Hainan and ranked No.7 in the game.。

"We are super, super proud and happy," he said.。

Football may be a vital part of Gao's life, but not all. He currently works at a property management office in Haikou and is responsible for recording staff attendance, making conference slogans and banners, and taking care of warehouse materials.。

"I am good at paper cutting and I enjoy making the banners by hand. Every character on each banner is handmade by me," Gao said.。

In his spare time, he studies computer science and promotes sign language learning in Hainan to help more disabled people adapt to society.。

Gao was elected chairman of the Hainan association of the deaf in May 2008.。

"Physical disability is not terrible, as long as you stay positive at heart. If we face things optimistically, everything will be fine," Gao said.。

"PLAY FOOTBALL FOREVER"

China has 85 million disabled people, according to the China Disabled Persons' Federation.。

To help people like Gao, the Hainan Disabled Persons' Federation organizes training camps for the football team each year and provides the players with football fields and equipment.。

The federation allocates special funds for disabled athletes to cover their transportation, accommodation and medical insurance for sports events, according to Li Bangyong, with the federation.。

The country will facilitate scientific and technological innovation and talent development for better care and support for people with disabilities from 2021 to 2025, stated a plan on stepping up the protection of the rights and interests of people with disabilities issued in July by the State Council, China's cabinet.。

In the future, Gao plans to lead the football team to more sports events to help deaf-mute footballers "experience the big world."

"I hope our team can play football forever," Gao added. Enditem。

5月起运势节节高,日子格外顺的4生肖******

原标题:5月起运势节节高,日子格外顺的4生肖

生肖猪

属猪的朋友工作能力非常强,领导往往喜欢和偏爱的就是这类人,虽然早前工作上多有挫折,但是到了5月,好运爆棚,有望被上司欣赏给予重任,同时随着收入增多,生活质量明显改善,但要多留意,不要找各种偷懒的理由纵容自己。

生肖猴

生肖猴的人工作上脑子转的活,从不搬弄是非,让他们在工作上极受重视,虽然前阵子工作上不顺心的事格外多,但熬到5月,运势极佳,不管是情场还是职场都是春风得意,同时有机会从朋友那里了解到好项目,但要注意的是,不能总想着别人相助,多靠自己。

生肖鼠

生肖鼠之人做事情一丝不苟,很容易受到领导重点关照,未来的成就也将更高,虽然早些日子白天不能集中精神工作,但熬到5月,运势一路飘红,有机会接触到好的项目,同时随着收入增多,生活质量明显改善,但要记得,谁都不容易,有时候别太敏感矫情了。

生肖鸡

生肖鸡之人总是小心翼翼,有点好吃懒做,爱玩爱闹,生肖鸡的人,到了5月,好运傍身,做什么事情都可以很顺利,赚钱项目也增加,越来越有钱,虽然这阵子人品好到让人眼红,但并不是说你能一直赚大钱,所以别乱花钱。

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